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Research Guides@Tufts

Physician Assistants

A toolkit and library course guide for Tufts PAs

Book Citation Examples

Books with a single author

APA

Litwack, G. (2008). Human biochemistry and disease (1st ed.). United States: Elsevier Science & Technology Books.

MLA

Litwack, Gerald. Human Biochemistry and Disease. United States: Elsevier Science & Technology Books, 2008. Print.

AMA

Litwack G. Human Biochemistry and Disease. 1st ed. United States: Elsevier Science & Technology Books; 2008.

 

Books with two authors

APA

Agur, A. M. R., & Dalley II, A. F. (2009). Grant's atlas of anatomy (12th ed.). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

MLA

Agur, Anne M. R. and Arthur F. Dalley II. Grant's Atlas of Anatomy. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2009. 864. Print.

AMA

Agur AMR, Dalley II AF. Grant's Atlas of Anatomy. 12th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2009.

 

Books with three or more authors

List all authors if six or less, otherwise list first three authors followed by "et al."

APA

Ross, M. H., Kaye, G. I., & Pawlina, W. (2003). Histology : A text and atlas (4th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

MLA

Ross, Michael H., Gordon I. Kaye and Wojciech Pawlina. Histology : A Text and Atlas. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2003. Print.

AMA

Ross MH, Kaye GI, Pawlina W. Histology : A Text and Atlas. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003.

 

Books with a corporate author

APA

American Dental Association. (2006). ADA/PDR guide to dental therapeutics (4th Ed. ed.). Chicago: American Dental Association.

MLA

American Dental Association. ADA/PDR Guide to Dental Therapeutics. Chicago: American Dental Association, 2006. Print.

AMA

American Dental Association. ADA/PDR Guide to Dental Therapeutics. 4th ed. Chicago: American Dental Association; 2006.

 

Book chapter

APA

Hoddinott, J., & Kinsey, B. (2003). Adult health in the time of drought. In A. R. Quisumbing (Ed.), Household decisions, gender, and development : A synthesis of recent research (pp. 131-135). Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute.

MLA

Hoddinott, John and Bill Kinsey. "Adult Health in the Time of Drought." Ed. Quisumbing, Agnes R. Household decisions, gender, and development : a synthesis of recent research. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute, 2003. Print.

AMA

Hoddinott J, Kinsey B. Adult health in the time of drought. In: Quisumbing AR, ed. Household Decisions, Gender, and Development : A Synthesis of Recent Research. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute; 2003:131-135.

 

Electronic books

APA

Practice of geriatrics(2007). Duthie E. H., Jr. K. P. R. and Malone M. L. (Eds.), (4th ed.). Philadelphia: Saunders. Retrieved from http://www.mdconsult.com

MLA

Duthie EH, Katz PR, and Malone ML, eds. Practice of Geriatrics.Philadelphia: Saunders, 2007. MD Consult. Hirsh Health Sciences Library, Tufts University. 20 Jul. 2009. <http: //www.mdconsult.com>.

AMA

Duthie EH, Katz PR, Malone ML, eds. Practice of Geriatrics. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2007.  Available from MD Consult. Accessed July 20, 2009.

Journal Citation Examples

Journal article with one author (print)

APA

El-Bermani, A. W. (1982). Innervation of the microcirculation. Ann N Y Acad Sci., 384, 21-30.

MLA

El-Bermani, Al Walid. "Innervation of the Microcirculation." Ann N Y Acad Sci. 384 (1982): 21-30. Print.

AMA

El-Bermani AW. Innervation of the microcirculation. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1982;384:21-30.

 

Journal article with more than one author (print)

APA

Buchsbaum, R. J., Connolly, B. A., & Feig, L. A. (2003). Regulation of p70 S6 kinase by complex formation between the rac guanine nucleotide exchange factor (rac-GEF) Tiam1 and the scaffold spinophilin. J Biol Chem, 278, 18833-41.

MLA

Buchsbaum, Rachel J., Beth A. Connolly and Larry A. Feig. "Regulation of p70 S6 Kinase by Complex Formation between the Rac Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factor (Rac-GEF) Tiam1 and the Scaffold Spinophilin." 278 (2003): 18833-41. Print.

AMA

Buchsbaum RJ, Connolly BA, Feig LA. Regulation of p70 S6 kinase by complex formation between the rac guanine nucleotide exchange factor (rac-GEF) Tiam1 and the scaffold spinophilin. J Biol Chem. 2003;278:18833-41.

 

Journal article (electronic)

APA

Plouffe, B. D., Radisic, M., & Murthy, S. K. (2008). Microfluidic depletion of endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, and fibroblasts from heterogeneous suspensions. Lab Chip., 8, May 9, 2008. Retrieved fromhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18305866?ordinalpos=6&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed. Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DefaultReportPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSum

MLA

Plouffe, Brian D., Milica Radisic and Shashi K. Murthy. "Microfluidic Depletion of Endothelial Cells, Smooth Muscle Cells, and Fibroblasts from Heterogeneous Suspensions." 8 (2008): May 9, 2008. Web. May 9, 2008. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18305866?ordinalpos=6&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed. Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DefaultReportPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSum>.

AMA

Plouffe BD, Radisic M, Murthy SK. Microfluidic depletion of endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, and fibroblasts from heterogeneous suspensions. Lab Chip. 2008;8:May 9, 2008. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18305866?ordinalpos=6&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed. Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DefaultReportPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSum. Accessed May 9, 2008.

Other Citation Examples

Government publication

APA

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (1985) High-volume and low-volume users of health services, United States, 1980 (DHHS publication no. 86-20402). Washington, D.C.

MLA

United States. Dept. of Health and Human Services. High-volume and low-volume users of health services, United States, 1980.  DHHS publication no. 86-20402. Washington, D.C.: US Department of Health and Human Services, 1985.

AMA

High-volume and low-volume users of health services, United States, 1980. Washington, D.C. Health Care Financing Administration, Office of Research and Demonstrations, US Dept. of Health and Human Services; 1985.  DHHS publication 86-20402.

 

Web page

APA

Mayo Clinic staff. (October 10, 2008). Gamma-knife radiosurgery. Retrieved August 5, 2009, fromhttp://www.mayoclinic.com/health/gamma-knife-radiosurgery/MY00206/METHOD=print

MLA

Mayo Clinic staff. "Gamma-Knife Radiosurgery.", October 10, 2008. Web. August 5, 2009.
< http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/gamma-knife-radiosurgery/MY00206/METHOD=print>.

AMA

Mayo Clinic staff. Gamma-knife radiosurgery. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/gamma-knife-radiosurgery/MY00206/METHOD=print. Accessed August 5, 2009.

 

Poster session

APA

Choi, H., & Wong, J. B. (2008). Uncertainty in health state utilities in probabilistic sensitivity analysis: Accounting for rank ordering and dependent sampling. Philadelphia, PA: Presented at the 30th Annual Meeting of the Society for Medical Decision Making. Retrieved from http://smdm.confex.com/smdm/2008pa/webprogram/Paper4332.html

MLA

Choi, Hyunmi and John B. Wong. "Uncertainty in Health State Utilities in Probabilistic Sensitivity Analysis: Accounting for Rank Ordering and Dependent Sampling." (2008). Web <http://smdm.confex.com/smdm/2008pa/webprogram/Paper4332.html>.

AMA

Choi H, Wong, JB. Uncertainty in health state utilities in probabilistic sensitivity analysis: accounting for rank ordering and dependent sampling. Presented at the 30th Annual Meeting of the Society for Medical Decision Making and awarded A Top Poster. http://smdm.confex.com/smdm/2008pa/webprogram/Paper4332.html

 

Email

APA

In APA style, email messages are not be included in the Works Cited list because they are personal communications and cannot be retrieved by a third party. They should be cited in the text as: 
Chuck Collins (personal communication,  July 15, 2009).

MLA

Collins, Chuck.  “Stand up for progressive taxes.” Message to the author.  15 July 2009. E-mail.

AMA

In AMA style, personal communications such as email messages are not included in the reference list because they cannot be retrieved by a third party. They should be cited in the text as: Chuck Collins, e-mail communication, July 15, 2009.

 

Podcast

APA

Werman, Marco.  (2009, February 2).  How other countries got universal health care. PRI’s The World.   Podcast retrieved from http://www.theworld.org

MLA

Werman, Marco.  “How Other Countries Got Universal Health Care.”  PRI’s The World.  2 Feb. 2009. <http://www.theworld.org/node/24255>.

AMA

Werman M. How other countries got universal health care. PRI's The World.; 2009. Available from:http://www.theworld.org/node/24255.

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