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Researchers provide complete citations in order to acknowledge the use of another writers’ ideas, statements, or point of view. Neglecting this crucial step in the research process results in the creation of a plagiaristic product. Citing the work of others can be useful to readers of your research, as it enables them to access and consult the work of those you cite.
When and where do I cite?
Be sure to provide a citation when you directly quote, paraphrase text, provide a summary of someone's work, or incorporate an author's idea. Numberical in-text citations are usually placed after a name or punctuation (e.g. American Medical Association [AMA] style). Parenthetical in-text citations are usually placed within the sentence (e.g. American Psychological Association [APA] or Modern Language Association [MLA] style).
How do I know that I have documented the work of another in proper detail and format?
To confirm that you have documented the work of another in proper detail and format, please visit the Citation Style Examples featiured inthis guide. You can also consult the following:
- Citation style manuals published by the AMA, APA, and MLA, which are available in the HHSL reserve collection (see below)
- Output Style manager of citation management programs such as RefWorks and EndNote
- HHSL librarians (see the "Need Help?" box onthe left-side of this guide)