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Research Guides@Tufts

English 1: Expository Writing: Get Started

Find Background Information

Encyclopedias & Dictionaries online

Research Paper Navigator

Research Paper Navigator

Use for help with

  • time management
  • library research
  • writing your paper
  • citing sources
Also has subject guides with suggested databases.

Select A Research Topic

Keyword Searching

Keyword Search Rules for the Library Catalog and Databases


Using AND/OR/NOT (Boolean Search Operators)
AND

Use AND to focus search and combine different aspects of your topic.

Example: vegetarianism and environment

OR
 

Use OR to expand your search and find synonyms/related terms.

Example: global warming or climate change

NOT

Use NOT to exclude a word or phrase from your search

Example: emissions trading not United States

 


Additional Search Tips

"Phrase search"  - Use quotation marks" " to search for a particular phrase.

Example:"greenhouse gas emissions"

    Truncation * - Use an asterisk to find variations of a word. Put an asterisk following the root of the word to find all variations of that word, including singular and plural.

    Example:environment* (finds environments, environmental, environmentalist, etc.)

      (Grouping/Nesting Keywords) - Use parentheses ( ) as a way to group all your search terms together.

      Example:(climate change or global warming) and population growth

        See the Basic Search Tips guides for more information, including examples.

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