The Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program (NTPP) "has provided over 25 million dollars each to four communities--Columbia, MO; Marin County, CA; Minneapolis Area, MN; Sheboygan County, WI--to demonstrate how improved walking and bicycling networks can increase rates of walking and bicycling. FHWA was required to report on the results of the NTPP. An Interim Report was submitted to Congress in January 2008. A Final Report was submitted in April 2012. Outcome measures in the Final Report include estimates concerning changes in: 1) vehicle and transit use; 2) rates of walking and bicycling; and 3) health and environmental measures."
"The Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center is funded by the Federal Highway Administration and housed within the UNC Highway Safety Research Center in Chapel Hill, NC....[its'] mission has been to improve the quality of life in communities through the increase of safe walking and bicycling as a viable means of transportation and physical activity."
"Walk Friendly Communities is a national recognition program developed to encourage towns and cities across the U.S. to establish or recommit to a high priority for supporting safer walking environments."