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Research Guides@Tufts


What is Plagiarism?

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Plagiarism: The action or practice of taking someone else's work, idea, etc., and passing it off as one's own; literary theft.

(Oxford English Dictionary 3rd Edition 2006)

Plagiarism occurs when someone:

  1. uses words, ideas, or work products
  2. Attributable to another identifiable person or source
  3. Without attributing the work to the source from which it is obtained
  4. In a situation in which there is a legitimate expectation of original authorship
  5. In order to obtain sme benefit, credit, or gain which need not be monetary
Fishman, T. (2009). “We know it hen e see it” is not Good Enough: Toard a Standard Definition of Plagiarism that Transcends Theft, Fraud, and Copyright. In:Proceedings of the Fourth Asia Pacific Conference on Educational Integrity (4APCEI) 28–30 September, University of Wollongong, NSW, Australia. Preprint available online at cited 20 July 2015


Paraphrase: A restatement of a text or passage in another form or other words, often to clarify meaning.

(American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language)

Intellectual Property: property (as an idea, invention, or process) that derives from the work of the mind or intellect; also : an application, right, or registration relating to this

(Miriam-Webster's Collegiate dictionary)



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Amy Lapidow
Tufts Hirsh Health Sciences Library
Research & Instruction
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