Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Research Guides@Tufts

Redefinir España - Redefining Spain in Words & Images : Home

Research guide for SPN 179

Citation Styles

There are thousands of citation styles, many of which are used by particular journals or are variations of major styles. Learn more about the common styles at Major Citation Styles.


Profile Photo
Samantha Snair

Background Research

Online Primary Sources and Collections

Assess & Evaluate

Who is the author?

  • What does the author know about the subject?
  • Where do you find credentials for an author?
  • What biases does the author have?
  • There are different types of authority depending on one's experience, education, or position.

Who is the intended audience of the resource?

  • Consider the tone and style
  • What level of information is provided?
  • What assumptions does the author make about the reader?

Is the text peer-reviewed?

  • Peer-review is when a text is reviewed by one or more experts on a particular topic prior to publication.

What is the scope and coverage of the resource?

When was the item written or published?​

  • Is it timely or outdated?

Evaluate the sources cited by the author.

  • Do they provide citations?
  • Is there enough evidence to support their argument or claim?