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Research Guides@Tufts

Occupational Therapy

Articles about EBP

EBP websites

AOTA Evidence-Based Practice and Research (AOTA membership required for access)

Arranged by areas of practice, this site offers a wide variety of material including articles from journals and newsletters, CATs, CAPs, briefs, and much more.

DynaMed
"Created by physicians for physicians and other health care professionals for use primarily at the 'point-of-care'." Updated daily. Monitors the content of over 500 medical journals and systematic evidence review databases. Each entry contains causes, risk factors, complications, history, treatment, prognosis, prevention and much more. Note that A-Z browsing can be an incomplete method of entering the database and that searching is recommended.

ERIC 
Huge resource for educators, covering preschool through lifelong learning.

National Guideline Clearinghouse 
A public resource for evidence-based clinical practice guidelines.

SAMHSA Evidence-Based Practices Resource Center
The National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices, a service of SAMHSA, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, was suspended in 2018. While not a replacement, the Evidence-Based Practices Resource Center provides communities, clinicians, policy-makers and others with the information and tools to incorporate evidence-based practices into their communities or clinical settings.

PEDro 
Produced in Australia, the emphasis is on “physiotherapy.”

PubMed 
Publicly available version of MEDLINE.

TRIP (Turning Research into Practice)
Useful to answer real clinical questions with evidence-based principles. Searches systematic reviews, EBP synopses, medical journals, and more.

EBP Databases

What are . . .

Definitions of evidence-based literature

  • Systematic reviews use rigorous methods to locate, assess, and summarize the results of many individual studies using explicit methods that limit bias. Studies are appraised and recommendations for practice are often made. Reviews outline what is known or unknown about the effectiveness of a treatment. They may be qualitative or quantitative.
    • Qualitative systematic reviews (not to be confused with qualitative research) review summaries of primary studies, but do not statistically combine the results.
    • Quantitative reviews statistically combine results of a number of primary studies, and are sometimes referred to as meta-analyses.
  • Randomized controlled trials are studies in which a group of clients is randomly allocated into either an experimental group or a control group. Groups are followed up for the variables/outcomes of interest. RCTs potentially offer less bias and more certainty than other study designs because the outcomes being measured are actually due to the experimental treatment condition, rather than other factors.

---definitions from OT Seeker (http://www.otseeker.com/tutorial.htm#systematic) and Penn State (http://www.libraries.psu.edu/instruction/ebpt-07/learnmore/levels.htm#levels)