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Research Guides@Tufts

Laws & Legislation: Citation

Find Federal and State laws, statutes, codes, etc.

Legal Citation

Glossary of Congressional Terms

How to Read Legal Citations

Legal Citation Abbreviations

The table below lists a few of the more common types of case citations that you will encounter in your research.
Complete legal citations give the volume, source, then page number, for example (24 USC 124) equals Title 24 of the US Code beginning on page 124. Always look for the abbreviations in the center of the citation to determine what source it is, using the table below.
For other citations you may encounter, consult the citation guides to the left.

Citation AbbreviationFull Name of Citation SourceSource Description and Call Number or Location
Stat. United States Statutes at Large Official version of Congressional laws.  Reference KF 50 .U5. Also online via GPO
H or S House or Senate bill Found in ProQuest Congressional and GPO.
USC United States Code Official version of codified Congressional laws. Reference KF 62 [year] .A2 [year].  Online via GPO
USCS United States Constitution The Constitution is found in the first volumes of the U.S. Code. Also in Lexis-Nexis Academic.
CFR Code of Federal Regulations Official version of codified agency regulations.  Online via GPO
FR Federal Register Official version of daily published agency regulations. Online via GPO
ALM GL ch. 2, § 14  (2011) Annotated Laws of Massachusetts. Chapter 2, section 14 (year) Annotated Laws of Massachusetts. Online via Lexis-Nexis Academic
G.L.M. General Laws of Massachusetts The General Laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Reference KFM 2430 1932 .A2.  Also in Lexis-Nexis Academic
CMR Code of Massachusetts Regulations Regulations of Massachusetts agencies. Available Online
MAREG Massachusetts Register Massachusetts Register includes proposed, emergency, and permanent regulations, etc.  Available Online