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Research Guides@Tufts

History of Pre-Modern China

This guide is primarily designed for students in HIST 040: Pre-Modern China . However, the resources listed here will be useful for anyone interested in the topic.

Citing Sources in Chicago Style

The Chicago Manual of Style is the best resource to find information about this mode of citation, which is most commonly used in history. The authoritative style guide is available in print in the library as well as online from a number of reliable sources.

Citing Images in Chicago style


  • An illustration number may be separated from the caption by a period or a space. Figure may be abbreviated or spelled out.
  • Include artist's name, title of work (italicized), medium, measurements and the institution which houses the work.
  • Include the source the image came from preceded by a statement which declares the source (for example 'In: ' or 'Source: ' or  'Available from: ').
  • Be sure to include the URL and date accessed if your source is online.
  • Be consistent with caption display choices throughout your paper or slideshow.


Image scanned from a book:

Fig. 1. Alice Neel, Nancy and the Rubber Plant. 1975, Oil on canvas, 203.2 x 91.4 cm. The Estate of Alice Neel. From: Ann Temkin et al. Alice Neel. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2000. Plate 64.

Image downloaded from ARTstor:

Fig. 2. Rogier van der Weyden, Saint Catherine of Alexandria. 1430-1432, Diptych panel, 18.5 x 12 cm. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria. Available from: ARTstor, (accessed September 30. 2009).

Image downloaded from museum website:

Fig. 3. Caravaggio, The Denial of Saint Peter. Early 15th century. Oil on canvas, 94 x 125.4 cm. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. From: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, (accessed September 29, 2009).

Image downloaded from Flickr Commons:

Fig. 4. Thomas Eakins, William Rudolf O'Donovan. 1981, Black and white photographic print, 6 x 8 cm. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. Available from: Flickr Commons, (accessed September 29, 2009).

Image downloaded from Flickr (personal images uploaded by others):

Fig. 5. Friedrich von Schmidt, Vienna Rathaus. 1872-1883. Source: Harshil Shah, Vienna - Rathaus. 2009, Digital Image. Available from: Flickr, (accessed September 14, 2012).

From Colgate Visual Resources Guide

Citing sources information from Artstor

Introduction to Zotero



If you prefer to use a different citation manager, you might want to try Zotero, which is a free, simple plug-in (for Firefox) or a standalone program (with browser extensions to Google Chrome and Safari) that collects, stores and organizes references for books, journal articles, websites and other materials that you've collected and then automatically converts those references into a properly formatted bibliography. It is fairly easy to use, reliable, and well-documented. Zotero can:

  • import references directly from many of the Tisch Library's databases
  • create a properly-formatted bibliography that conforms to your selected output style, including APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, or any one of hundreds of other formats
  • format in-text citations, endnotes, and footnotes in the documents you are writing
  • serve as your own searchable reference database
  • organize references into custom groups, enabling you to track your sources by topic, course, book chapters, or other criteria of your choosing
  • capture snapshots of websites
  • attach notes to references, create standalone notes
  • sync your library to "My Library" on the Zotero servers to save your work

Alongside tracking literature citations, Zotero stores downloaded or links to Acrobat pdf files or any other types of files on your computer.

See the complete guide for more detailed information.  See the Tisch Library Workshops webpage for a schedule of workshops.