Researchers provide complete citations in order to acknowledge the use of another writers’ ideas, statements, or point of view. Neglecting this crucial step in the research process results in the creation of a plagiaristic product. Citing the work of others can be useful to readers of your research, as it enables them to access and consult the work of those you cite.
When and where do I cite?
Be sure to provide a citation when you directly quote, paraphrase text, provide a summary of someone's work, or incorporate an author's idea. Numberical in-text citations are usually placed after a name or punctuation (e.g. American Medical Association [AMA] style). Parenthetical in-text citations are usually placed within the sentence (e.g. American Psychological Association [APA] or Modern Language Association [MLA] style).
How do I know that I have documented the work of another in proper detail and format?
Style manuals published by the AMA, APA, and MLA and listed below provide the basis for our examples. For detailed information about these and other styles, you may also consult the style manager in citation-management software or a librarian.
NOTE: Some publications require a specific citation style. Many of these can be found in the citation management programs we support, or can be created by modifying a similar style. Always check the publication's publishing guidelines.
Citation management programs are time-saving tools that allow you to:
Two popular citation management programs on the Boston campus include:
To learn more or request instruction, please contact the Hirsh Health Sciences Library.
For even more information about these useful programs, please see the Tisch Library's guides:
What is it?
EndNote: The Basics - A guide from HHSL
Tisch Library Guide to EndNote - A guide from the Medford Campus
Yale University Guide to EndNote - videos and PDFs
EndNote Tutorial Library - Video tutorials produced by Thomson Reuters